Explains what a house in multiple occupation is, fire safety measures that are needed and what duties you have to manage a house in multiple occupation.
A house in multiple occupation (HMO) is:
Certain types of HMO require a licence and anyone who owns or manages an HMO that must be licensed has to apply to the council. If you need to apply for a licence then please complete the HMO licensing form online (opens in new window).
Use our online form to find out whether a property is an HMO (opens in new window) or if it needs a licence. It should only be used as a guide and there are some exemptions, so if you unsure about whether you may own an HMO please contact the private sector housing team.
For further advice please make a service request (opens in new window), call the council on (01482) 396301 or alternatively email the private sector housing team.
A house in multiple occupation must have rooms of a reasonable size and have enough bathrooms, cooking facilities and toilets for the number of people living there.
Find more information in the following document:
Standards for Houses in Multiple Occupation (pdf 242kb opens in new window)
Fire safety measures are an important consideration for all rented property, as fire is more likely to occur in a rented property than in an owner-occupied home. The risk of a fire increases with the number of occupants and the government recognises that there is a particular risk of fire in houses in multiple occupation (HMO), especially if the tenants do not know each other. Fire is one of the hazards identified by the housing health and safety rating system (HHSRS), which means landlords must assess the risk of fire in rented property and provide appropriate measures to minimise that risk. A combination of automatic fire detection and structural fire precautions may be necessary to address fire safety, depending on the size, type and occupancy of the property. In addition, emergency lighting and other fire precautions may be needed. The following guidance document on fire safety provisions for certain types of existing housing produced by LACORS, is used by both local authorities and fire authorities, when drawing up the schedule of fire safety works.
Guidance on fire safety provisions (pdf 1mb opens in new window)
The BSI Group website can offer further information on the Kitemark Scheme BS 5839-6: 2004 Fire detection and fire alarm systems for buildings - Part 6: Code of practice for the design, installation and maintenance of fire detection and fire alarm systems in dwellings.
BSI Group website (external website).
Landlords should also be aware that a written fire risk assessment is a requirement for all HMO’s. The following fire risk assessment document on the Humberside Fire and Rescue Service website, can be used to assist in producing a risk assessment for a HMO.
Fire Risk Assessement Form (pdf 172kb external website)
More information on fire risk assessments can be obtained by contacting Humberside Fire and Rescue Service.
Humberside Fire and Rescue Service (external website)
The Housing Management of Houses in Multiple Occupation (England) Regulations 2006 regulations apply to all houses in multiple occupation (HMOs) that contain shared or non-self contained accommodation. These types of HMOs are defined under Section 254 of the Housing Act 2004.
The Licensing and Management of Houses in Multiple Occupation (Additional Provisions) (England) Regulations 2007 apply to buildings converted into self contained flats to which section 257 of the Housing Act 2004 applies.
The HMO management regulations place a number of duties upon the manager of a HMO. Both landlords and managing agents should ensure they are compliant with these regulations on an ongoing basis. Failure to comply may result in prosecution and a fine of up to £5000 for each offence.
A summary of the manager’s duties include:
You can find more information at the Government's legislation.gov.uk website:
Housing Act 2004 (external website) The Management of Houses in Multiple Occupation (England) Regulations 2006 (external website) The Licensing and Management of Houses in Multiple Occupation (Additional Provisions) (England) Regulations 2007 (external website)
Housing Act 2004 (external website)
The Management of Houses in Multiple Occupation (England) Regulations 2006 (external website)
The Licensing and Management of Houses in Multiple Occupation (Additional Provisions) (England) Regulations 2007 (external website)
The introduction of the Housing Act 2004 and the Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005 has placed responsibility on both local housing authorities and fire and rescue authorities to enforce reasonable fire safety provisions within multiple occupied housing. To promote the efficient use of resources, a fire safety protocol sets down a framework within which both authorities can establish effective working arrangements, thereby achieving the goal of improving fire safety.
The following protocol contains guidance on which authority should normally take the lead inspection and enforcement role in different types of properties. However, it is accepted that this guidance cannot cover every possible situation and that certain properties may fall into more than one category.
Housing Fire Safety Protocol (pdf 721kb opens in new window)